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Causes of Acne and How You Can Effectively Treat It

Acne is an inflammatory disease affecting the oil glands of the face, back, and chest. It usually starts in adolescence, but can persist in some people well into adulthood. It takes many forms, such as blackheads, cysts, pimples, and whiteheads.

There are several forms of acne, including minor acne (just a few occasional pimples), moderate acne, and even severe acne. Severe acne, including acne conglobata, can leave a person with large patches of pimples across their body.

What causes acne?

There are many myths behind the causes of acne, but in reality, acne occurs from clogged pores. Bacteria begin to grow in the pore, and sebum (oil) that would normally drain to the skin is trapped below the surface. If the follicle doesn’t rupture, a whitehead or blackhead can form.

  • A whitehead forms when the sebum and bacteria stay below the skin’s surface
  • A blackhead forms when the pore opens up to the skin’s surface, and the sebum oxidizes and turns black

The difference between acne and pimples
Pimples are one form of acne, although many people refer to all types of acne as pimples. Pimples form when the follicle ruptures, causing red bumps and white-topped pustules to appear. Pimples are a sign that the body is having an inflammatory response to the trapped oil and bacteria under the skin.

Acne Treatment Methods

Regular cleansing and applying topical medicated creams are a pivotal part of a successful acne treatment. Photodynamic Acne Therapy is a very effective treatment for moderate to severe acne, and V-Beam Laser Treatments as well as the Fractionated CO2 Laser procedure can help you get rid of acne scarring. In some persistent cases of acne breakouts, acne treatments may require prescribed oral medications including oral contraceptives.

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